Exciting Multimedia CD by Branden Books Publisher Adolfo Caso

Observations in Poetry and Pictures:

The Words and Images of Adolfo Caso

By Adolfo Caso*

The Dante University Foundation, Inc.

ISBN : 0937832464

70 Pages, MultiMedia

I do not immediately understand all poetry-yet the words speak to my heart and it responds. So, oftentimes, I read and reread a selection until the words flourish in my understanding. When I opened Adolfo’s CD, I found that I went through it three times before I forced myself to stop. And now, as I write this review, I begin again…watching, reading, listening and enjoying!

This work is a delight! This is a magnificent array of sights and words that capture you from the introduction to the end.

My eyes were first drawn to his photography. Immediately it spoke to me as I relished someone else’s interest in rock formation and its beauty. I thought of my own rock garden scenes and wanted to share and talk about the visions he had presented to us. I want to go to these places that have been captured; I want to walk near and touch the images–are they really so beautiful? I want to sit and study this beauty, see it from different angles than those that have been captured. . Each picture is intriguing, beautiful, and evocative-there is no choice but to immediately go now to read the words!

Adolfo and I briefly met many years ago in Chicago…then I grew to know him through his book, The Straw Obelisk, But, Adolfo’s poetry and photography allowed me to come to know him, yes, as a true artist. His claim that he did not have the talent to become an artist is only partially true, for his talents have been demonstrated through words and camera. Come, let us review his words now:


Fulfill those Urges

That surge within your soul,


If you don’t do it now

You will miss the bliss

That attracts the young.*

*Part of “Why Dream, ” p.4.

Here they are; here they are,

The God-made couple

I brought my hand to her breast

And there beheld Paradise.*

*Part of “Evening in Spring,” p.10

Whether the words are of love, man’s flight into space, Kennedy’s death, or the many other issues expressed, they solicit passion, wonder, and tears. We hear the music that he hears. We laugh or we cry with Adolfo; we empathize through his words. And it is good to share his thoughts. For those of you who know the language, the final selections are provided in both Italian and English and as he shares memories of Naples and Milan, it will be a special blessing for many of you.

During my third time through, I noticed a little mark above the directional arrows. Clicking in curiosity, I am amazed to find Adolfo, sitting at a little bistro table, an espresso before him…and he’s talking to me! He tells me about why he writes, he shares intimate thoughts as we sit there. Other times, I click and a lovely female voice is reading along with me, articulating each word carefully, so that I may enjoy each word more fully.

I was impressed…no doubt about it! This book in macromedia form is something that will be held close and enjoyed over and over. Adolfo, I applaud your works, I embrace your words to my heart and I delight in the sights you have shared. There is no doubt whatsoever…get this CD!

*Adolfo Caso is owner/Publisher of BrandenBooks

Accredited Online College and University Programs

It is not unusual to grow indifferent toward your job. Lack of stimulating work, low pay, and limited growth potential within an organization are all excellent reasons to seek out a way to make a change. The best way to realize your full potential is to receive a college education. One of the best, and most convenient, ways to achieve this is by receiving a college education online. This innovative and exciting method of professional development is an ideal option if you are looking for a promotion, or if you are looking for a new career entirely. An education through an accredited online college or University program is your ticket to professional success.

There are many advantages of choosing to receive your education through an accredited online college or university. Studying for a college education online allows you to achieve your educational and professional goals at your own pace, whether you want to get a 2-year Associate’s degree, a 4-year Bachelor’s degree, or take an accelerated course program to receive a professional certificate. There is no need to live near or commute to a college when all classes can be attended and all work submitted online. Attending school online is a great option for those who might have uncertainties about going to college as an older student or returning after many years. Studying for a college education online can be an easy way to ease into the routine of class work and projects, and can reduce the stress of feeling the need to fit in with younger students. Further, course availability is often convenient for those who work full time or care for a family. Often, colleges offer evening and weekend classes.

There is an online college education available for just about every professional and academic discipline out there. Fields of study include Business, Social Sciences, Humanities, Education, Nursing, Liberal Arts, Fine Arts, and various Healthcare programs. These are but a few of the subjects in which you can earn a college education by choosing an online program. Many online programs are delivered through colleges and Universities accredited by the U.S. Department of Education. Accreditation is an important credential to look for when choosing an online program if you have prior college credits you wish to transfer. Accredited institutions are also more readily recognized and accepted by employers and professional organizations.

You might be concerned about affording an education through an accredited online college or University. You have options. Often, financial aid is available to students in the form of grants, loans, even scholarships. Also, many employers are willing to pay for part or all of an employee’s tuition and fees. Investing in an employee’s future reaps benefits for everyone involved.

The misconception of receiving your education from an accredited online college or University is that the experience might not be as enriching or legitimate as attending campus-based courses at a traditional college or University. This just isn’t the case. Programs offered online present the same opportunities for group work, independent study, and interpersonal communications as their traditional counterparts. While it is true that being an online student requires a certain amount of self-discipline and organization, receiving your college education online will probably help to facilitate the learning process as well as develop your time management and self-motivation skills. With the prevalence of the Internet and advancements such as teleconferencing in both education and the business world today, it is possible to come away from the experience not only with a college education and your dream career, but also with greater knowledge and comfort with technology.

Receiving your education through an accredited online college or University is a valuable, convenient, and flexible way to broaden your career opportunities, and have the career you have always dreamt about.

Why Culinary Education

If you are thinking about a career in culinary arts then studying in a culinary school is a must. You may be a great cook but you will never become expert learning culinary arts yourself. Further taking up a job as a chef in a good restaurant demands a professional qualification, which comes only after attending a regular culinary school.

There are many a myth surrounding culinary arts. For example people say culinary is an art and art cannot be taught. This is not true. First culinary is not just an art, its science too. You must know about the ingredients you are using while cooking. You should also have through knowledge of the contents of the ingredients or additives you use to cook food. It helps you to be an informed chef.

Another myth is that culinary education is very costly. You see, any education is costly. Culinary is not an exception. But if you compare, a Bachelor of Engineering Degree is much more costly than a Diploma/Degree in Culinary Arts.

One of the worst myths is that chefs live a great life – full of glamor and no work. This is not at all true. Most of a chef’s time is spent in kitchen with hot oils and burning temperatures.

If you love to cook – culinary school should be your destination. It is never too early for you to think about the opportunities that will come along after culinary training. America needs good chefs – you can be one of them.

Chef, caterer, pastry chef and restaurant cook are merely the most familiar four options, but there are hundreds of jobs in the food industry. You may want to consider preparing for positions in management as executive chef, or in sales as catering director or in administration in food and beverage management. Maybe you’ll want to explore developing specialty products – a line of sauces or dressings, for example – for retail or wholesale markets. Maybe you’ll want to become a restaurant consultant to entrepreneurs who want to start restaurants. There are also teaching opportunities in professional cooking schools. Still another option is food writing and editing for magazines and books devoted to food and cooking. The options are endless.

For any of these career directions, you’ll find the best preparation in an accredited school program – you’ll come out with a certificate or a degree. This training will provide you with a lifelong basis for understanding quality raw ingredients, creating balance and pleasure in combined flavors and presenting a beautiful plate to the diner. Yes, you keep learning on the job, but culinary school gives you a base of knowledge to test and compare to new trends, new ingredients and your own creativity.

How Will I Know If I Should Have A Real Estate Broker?

Buying a home can be a drawn out as well as time-consuming task, while some people may believe their able to work with all the different issues about obtaining a house on their own. Experiencing the procedure for real sure isn’t as trouble free as some think, for many. To know whether to hire a real estate professional or not, every person will need to have some understanding relating to, what’s involved with buying a house and what an agent can carry out.

What Is A Real Estate Agent?

A realtor functions as a middle man between a home shopper together with the homeowner. A realtor should operate in the interest of either the buyer or the seller. Agents can help homebuyers to avoid paying too much for their homes.

Your Home Purchasing Course

In order to get a home, a normal real estate buyer might possibly experience these uncomplicated procedures

A Client Receives A Directory Of Homes
The Shopper Will Make A New Offer On The House
The Property Owner Says Yes To The Offer
The Buyer Offers Some Kind Of Advance Payment Or Else Earnest Money
An Escrow Accounts Is Generally Made Available To The Buyer
The Home Buyer Will Apply For A Home Finance Loan
The Lender Reviews The Home’s Title Record And Also Conducts An Assessment
The Customer Carries Out A Home Inspection
Your Closing

Just How A Purchaser’s Representative Assists You

1. Easy Access To Additional Homes

Even though a new buyer could possibly get a certain amount of recommendations coming from various other means, using an adviser will usually grant the home buyer with the availability to significantly more home properties. An actual client should acquire more homes to visit that might enhance the probability of acquiring the ideal property.

2. Ahead Of Creating A Proposal For The Home

To help you get the finest property at the perfect location and total price, a person will have to have a bit of facts on the community and the recent market condition regarding the location he or she might be looking for, in order to make an offer.

Some top info that the prospective buyer should get for the given location through an agent comprise of

* Most current home purchases as well as info about sales trends in the area

* Evaluation of recorded house prices along with the amount that each individual property consequently sold

* Important info relating to given properties, about how many years a house has been on the market place as well as the amount of occasions discussions was unsuccessful or simply dropped through escrow

* Plenty of comprehensive understanding of the neighborhood such as some information concerning the demographic, crime rate, educational institutions and even entertainment establishments around

* All of the most current values with regards to property which may be very much like what the individual prefers there
* Choose residences around the purchaser’s budget range which were purchased in the area
* Some of the most recent home values in your neighborhood

A lot of these information are probably not openly accessible; a new buyer can utilize this sort of information to generate offers which aren’t a bit too low or too much, by using an agent.

3. Performing Negotiations

A real estate agent will be able to care for all the negotiations towards offers together with counteroffers, and any renegotiation that might be required right after their appraisal or home inspection, and possibly at another point in the buying process.

4. It’s Time To Get The Various Monotonous Contracts

A good real estate agent will do the specific records and documents for a homebuyer as well as ensure the proper terms that guard the purchaser’s interest is inside the legal contract. A good real estate agent will assist the purchaser to accomplish the specified documents and also would assist the client in order to avoid forfeiting the original down payment or being liable for failing to meet any area within your written contract.

5. Acquiring Several Reliable Service Providers

A reliable real estate agent will give some suggestions to obtain various dependable skilled providers which the buyer will require during the buying process, and help out the client in managing all unexpected factors that may happen.

The assistance of a good agent is pretty much free of charge for a purchaser, mainly because the seller should pay the agent’s commission rate. The top real estate agent for a prospective buyer happens to be an agent who does not have any connection with the seller.

The potential buyer could find a realtor for himself by means of a few contacts, online research etc. Using an agent may help the home buyer in discovering the ideal property very fast and can actually assist them to avoid paying way too much for the their home.

An Internet Marketing Coach – Do You Really Need One?

If you are considering starting an Internet business I am sure you are aware that you have two clear choices as to how you acquire the skills required to be a successful online Marketer. You can either ‘go it alone’ or get the help of an Internet Marketing Coach or Mentor.

One thing is certain – to build a successful Internet business you will need to learn the right skills and acquire the right tools in order to earn a legitimate, full time income on the Internet.

Internet Marketing is a profession and, as with any other profession, you will need to invest in the right type of training in order to be successful – it is a little like serving an apprenticeship or qualifying for a particular profession e.g. Doctor, Dentist, Lawyer, Plumber or Electrician.

So, do you need an Internet Marketing Coach?

The answer is no. It is perfectly possible to earn extra money, or even a full time income, working from home on the Internet. There is no shortage of Internet Marketing training courses or tutorials which will show you the basics of how to set up your own Internet business.

It may also be true, however, that one course is not enough in itself as there are so many different disciplines and skills you will need to learn; how to build your first website, how to get visitors to your website, how to create a product, or source one, and so on.

Even then for many people training alone is often not enough. Why is this?

Have you ever studied a training manual or taken a course and still not understood all of the content?

Have you ever got frustrated when you encountered something that you just did not understand?

What did you do in those circumstances? Most people do one of two things – they find someone who knows the answer or they come to a grinding halt, maybe they even convince themselves that they do not have what it takes and give up!

Be aware also that, for many people, starting a small business on your own can be an isolating and even scary experience. It will require spending time away from your family and friends and sometimes this sense of isolation can lead to other difficulties.

How can an Internet Marketing Coach help?

A good Internet Marketing Coach will be able to guide you through the learning curve in the most effective manner, they can help you to avoid making mistakes, (speeding up your progress), teach you the most current and effective Internet marketing strategies, help to keep you motivated when you encounter challenges or things you just do not understand and suggest appropriate resources to help you build a successful Internet business.

But most of all a good Internet Marketing coach can represent someone that you are accountable to. It is proven that anyone is far more likely to succeed when they make themselves accountable to a third party as it is far easier to justify failure to ourselves than to someone else!

A Guide Of Information Technology

Information Technology department consisted of a single Computer Operator, who might be storing data on magnetic tape, and then putting it in a box down in the basement somewhere. The history of information technology is fascinating. Information technology is driven by the demands of the new, competitive business environment on the one hand and profound changes in the nature of computers in the other. IT systems come in the shape of many technologically advanced devices which help deliver important to managers who in turn, use this information to make crucial decision regarding the operations of their organization.

Information or Internet Technology can come in the form of computers, robots, sensors, and decision support systems. The newest form of Information & Technologies which is being implemented on the market today is the use of handholds to aid managers and subordinates in their day to day operations. Computer Technology Auditing (IT auditing) began as Electronic Data Process (EDP) Auditing and developed largely as a result of the rise in technology in accounting systems, the need for IT control and the impact of computers on the ability to perform attestation services.

IT is revolutionizing how business operates. Advanced technologies is becoming the single-most powerful force shaping the structure and functioning of work organizations, plants, offices, and executive suites. When people hear the words “Information & business technology,” the first thing that comes to their mind are computers and the Internet. It may also bring up words like “network,” “intranet,” “server,” “firewall,” “security,” as well as more arcane expressions such as “router,” “T-1,” “Ethernet,” or the mysterious and exotic-sounding “VOIP.” the term “Business IT” is not new and has not always referred to things relating to computer. Information technology is as old as the brain itself, if you think of the brain as an information processor. As far as IT being a science, even that goes back as far as the earliest attempts to communicate and store data. And that is essentially what information technology is: the communication and storage of information, along with the ability to process and make use of the information stored.

Information technologies is the use of computers and software to manage information. In some companies, this is referred to as Management Information Services (or MIS) or simply as Information Services (or IS). The information technology department of a large company would be responsible for storing information, protecting data, processing the techniques, transmitting the information as necessary, and later retrieving information as necessary. The benefits resulting from IT Technology benefits were in many different forms such as allowing all firms to accomplish tasks they had been doing before at reduced costs, it opened up possibilities to do things never attempted before, also allowed firms to “re-engineer” parts of their companies and make better strategic positions.

Saving Your Future Income With Student Loan Debt Consolidation

Often many students start their career with loans hanging over their heads. By opting for student loan debt consolidation at the end of their college life, these students can avoid the danger of loans playing havoc with their fledging career.

Most of the loans that a student takes are expected to be paid after the students complete their courses and most federal student loans give a time of three months after which you have to start repaying. Use this period to opt for effective student loan debt counseling of any good student loan consolidation company.

Eligibility Criteria

Anyone with a loan of more than $ 7,500 can go in for student loan consolidation but certain criteria vary for federal student loans and private loans. So, check with your lending company whether you are eligible for student loan debt consolidation program or not.

The Next Step

If you meet the criteria, then the company with whom you have gone for student debt consolidation will contact your present lenders and start the repayment process. After all your present loans are paid, you start to pay the new loan. The plus point of student debt consolidation loan is that the interest rate is fixed. The time period is longer and moreover if you can return the loan before due time, you won’t be penalized.

Why Should I Opt For It?

Because you don’t want to be burdened with huge loans when you are at the starting point of your career. If you do not go for student debt consolidation, you won’t be able to pay attention to your career as at the back of your mind you will always hear lenders demand repayment. When you have gone for student loan debt consolidation, there is only one lender to pay off; further they will give you a break if you decide to go for higher studies or if you are going through a bad patch. Also, since the interest rate is low and fixed, you will have money for other needs.

When Is The Best Time For A Student Loan Consolidation?

Some loans cannot be consolidated until you have reached the end of your college life or graduated. Hence it is best that you start enquiring about student loan consolidation while this period is yet to start so that the moment you become eligible, you can go for debt consolidation. The grace period after graduation is another good time for student loan consolidation. Many companies will offer additional incentives if you consolidate during this period.

Hope all these information will help you to choose the right student loan debt consolidation program and help lighten your debt burden.

Home School Online

So you probably want to start the process and start to home school online, but you’re not quite sure where to get started. If that sounds something like you, then you don’t have to worry because this article should hopefully take care of some important things you should know. If you want to school your child online and at home, then here are a few helpful things to know.

When you home school your child, not only is he or she going to be receiving a great deal of advantages and benefits in return, but you as a parent will also. To begin with, you will be able to save your family a good deal of money, as long as you are using a free online home school program with which you can teach your child.

Another one of the best benefits of online home schooling is that your children will never have to deal with all the problems that stem from peer pressure. Other kids won’t be around to distract and bully your child, and you will always be able to keep a watchful and helpful eye on your son or daughter. That way, they can spend all of their time focusing on their work and studies so that they make the most of their time.

Now if you are somebody who is thinking about getting your child into home schooling, one of the first tasks that you are going to need to take care of is finding an accredited online school. You need to choose an accredited online school because you will then be assured that the materials it offers will provide your child with everything they need to learn in order to receive a full education.

Your children can receive a wonderful education by home schooling but you as a parent must be fully dedicated if you hope to be successful. It may help to have somebody in your home to help hold you accountable for the completion of any online classes.

Keep Your Room Tidy With Entertainment Units

Do you ever look at your living room and wish that it would be tidier? If the answer is yes then you are certainly not alone, particularly if you have children who own DVDs and games console games that seem to be scattered around. One way to solve this problem is to find an entertainment unit that will fit into your room and keep all of these items tidy when they are not being used.

Today as so many people have large collection to DVD and games there are many different types of entertainment units that are on the market. It is possible to buy them in colours that will suit the room that they are being put in as well as having a design that will complement the rest of the furniture in the room. So even if you have a collection of contemporary furniture that you want your unit to match you will have no difficulty in locating the right design.

When it comes to choosing quality entertainment units that will contain all of your bits and pieces you might want to opt for one that has drawers as well as shelves. These can be found in a variety of different finishes such as black gloss or white gloss and they can easily fit in with a room that has modern design touches. Once these have been built and are in place they can help you to keep your room looking smart and tidy at all times while hiding games and DVDs away from sight.

You might be looking for entertainment units that can hold several different electronic items such as entertainment systems, TVs and a DVD player. If this is the case you’ll be pleased to know that there are some available on the market that can contain all of these items and more. Just make sure that you have enough room to fit these entertainment units into or you could find that you are pushed for space once you have built it up.

Maybe you want a unit that will hold all of your entertainment items that you do not want it to look too bulky in your room. If you would like to create a feeling of space while still using entertainment units is to opt for one that has a glass top and is open at the sides. These will allow light to flow through them and will not block out the light if they are positioned near a window or other light source. However, you do need to be aware that these are quite ineffectual when it comes to tidying away DVDs and games as these will be on show at all times.

As you can see making the right choice when it comes to entertainment units can really help you to make your room look much more neat and tidy. So if you want to buy a piece of furniture that will be practical as well as functional this is the kind of item that you should be looking towards.

Light-Framed Wood Construction Methods For Building Residential Homes


Wood light-frame construction is a popular method of building homes in North America. The construction can be broken up into four sections, foundation, floors, walls, and roof. Some advantages of the building method include, utilizing smaller members to make large components and the redundancy of the entire system. Building with wood also has its advantages because it is easy to work with, displays signs over loading and is a renewable resource.


The foundation of a lightwood frame home is used to dissipate the loads from the building into the soil. The foundation is made up of two parts a footing and a wall. The footing is the weight bearing portion of the foundation. The wall or in some cases a pier extends from the footing to the first floor of the building.

Footings are typically comprised of poured in place concrete. In colder climates where frost heave is an issue, footings must be set deeper in the ground then the frost reaches. The purpose of the footing is to take the above weight load of the building and displace it on the soil. In softer soils, or where large weight loads occur, pilings may be driven into the ground under the footings.

The foundation walls are used to transport the loading of the first floor onto the footings. They can also form the walls of basements, if soil is excavated on one side. Typicallymade of poured in place concrete, prefabricated concrete, or masonry blocks all of which have high compression strength. In some drier climates or in old construction, the walls may be made up of treated wood or large stones.


In lightwood frame construction floors are built to carry the weight loads of occupants and walls. They are made up of two components, joists and sheathing. The joists are evenly spaced and are responsible for bearing most of the load. The sheathing fills in the spaces and distributes any weight placed on the floor.

The foundation walls hold up the first floor. In most cases it becomes inefficient to span the entire distance between walls so beams will be used in addition to the walls. Beams typically rest on notches in the foundation walls and have additional posts that connect to additional footings in the center of the building. On any second and higher floors, the wood frame walls, both interior and exterior, are used to hold them up. In some cases beams are also used for upper level floors that span large openings or when there are heavy load requirements.

Joists are spaced twelve or sixteen inches apart. They can be made up of either solid sawn lumber or engineered joists. Dimensional sawn lumber comes in 2×8, 2×10, and 2×12 sizes. The load will determine the necessary size they are required to carry and the distance they span. Engineered floor joists create a higher strength to weight ratio, can span longer distances and often create a straighter finished floor. In cases where a higher strength is necessary, by possible additional loads or openings in the floor, joist can be doubled or tripled to meet the requirements.

The joists are then sheeted with plywood, oriented strand board, or solid wood planks. This allows for a continuous floor, where walls, occupants, and other items can be placed anywhere. The sheeting must be able to displace any point loads onto the joists, while minimizing bending. All joints must be offset and have a spleen or tongue and groove to ensure strength is not compromised. In some cases were the final occupants wish to have very little bending of the sheeting between joists, a subfloor of additional sheeting, or a thin concrete layer may be used.


The above ground walls of a lightwood framed home are what make up the living space of the finished home. Typically eight feet in height however can also be taller where desired. The wall’s structural supports are the framing members or wall studs. Exterior walls are also sheeted for additional shear strength. The entire wall can be built laying flat on the floor, tilted up, and then fastened into place. Walls may need temporary supports until the entire building is complete.

Wall studs that carry the majority of the loads are made up of 2 by 4 or 2 by 6 sized members. The later is used on exterior walls to allow for added insulation. The studs are evenly spaced every sixteen inches. They are also oriented to allow the maximum rigidity in the wall. One or two members lay flat at both the bottom and top of the wall. This again allows any loads to be distributed onto the floor below.

Although only applicable to exterior walls, they are sheeted on their outside face. This gives the wall some shear strength and prevents it from deforming from its original rectangular shape. The sheeting can be a variety of materials including, plywood, oriented strand board, exterior gypsum, and rigid foam. The type of sheeting required may depend on the building’s final cladding.

Roof Systems

There are two types of roofs, nominally flat and sloped. Nominally flat roofs are built in a similar manner to floors, however have a small slope towards drains. Flat roofs must also be able to withstand heavy snow and water loads, as it does not shed them easily.

Sloped roofs are more common on light wood framing, and are built using trusses. From as structural perspective these roofs are more interesting. The purpose of the truss is to direct loads from the roof portion down to the walls. Through careful calculations all the elements can work together to maximize the strength of the truss. The trusses are usually spaced twenty-four inches, and are sheeted with a plywood product. Waterproofing elements such as shingles are then placed on top of the sheeting to shed water.

Advantages of Light- Frame Wood Construction

Light-frame wood construction is popular method of building homes across Canada. Sawn lumber, plywood and engineered products are readily available coast to coast. This makes this building method efficient and cost effective, when compared to other housing construction. Also due to the repetitiveness and simplicity of the method, architects and carpenters can use charts and guidelines to determine member sizes and requirements. This again is cost effective as engineers are not required on every home.

The actual elements that make up large homes are relatively small. Dimensional lumber and plywood products can all be stacked and transported by regular trucks. Materials can be moved around sites with all terrain forklifts, and if necessary by manual labour. This is favorable as large walls, and floors can be assembled on site, from smaller easy to handle elements.

Light-framed wood houses are very redundant systems. If an element is removed or compromised it is unlikely that a catastrophic failure will occur. For example walls are made up of several vertical studs. If a window opening was cut in without proper support overtop, it is unlikely that the entire wall will fail.

Advantages of Using Wood as a Building Material

Building with wood is quite simple. Handsaws or electric saws can efficiently cut members to length. Also fastening can be accomplished quickly with nails or screws. This allows the actual construction of lightwood frame houses to be completed without any expensive specialized equipment. This helps keep costs down, and allows the methods to be widely used.

Wood is a good material for buildings as it displays many signs well before failure. Deformation, excessive bending, cracking, and cracking noises will usually tell the occupants that there is a structural issue with the building. Although the building may originally be designed to carry the required loads, over time rot, decomposition, and termites may undermine the structure. Again the warning devices that come with wood are useful in the long term.

Of the many common construction methods, lightwood framing is the only one that utilizes renewable resources. When wood from properly managed forests is used, carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere. At the end of a buildings life, wood fibers can be recycled into new products or if placed in a landfill will decompose quickly as they are an organic product.


Wood light-framing is a method that has a long history of success. As products and technologies continue to advance, the building method will also adapt. In the future light-frame construction, with dynamic changes will continue to succeed.